One question I get a LOT is which tools a new renovator should get to prepare for their renovation projects. My general response is to buy tools for each project as you need them and try to rent as much as possible, because tools are expensive and that is money you will need for other things. But as it happens there are some things that I can assure you will be required, so you can safely go out and spend money on them — or give them as suggestions for gifts to family and friends.
I’m starting here because this is the most important stuff. Forget all the avoiding-liability language: this is important because without it you may seriously injure yourself in a way that will stay with you for life. At a minimum, you will need:
Wanna end up yelling at your spouse to stop mumbling? Forgo hearing protection when you use noisy tools. Even ear plugs from the drugstore are better than nothing, but the ideal kit is a pair of muffs of the sort one gets at, of all places, gun stores. Don’t underestimate the damage noise can do to your hearing.
A respirator with replaceable cartridges (we always use the purple HEPA cartridges because it’s easier to be safe than sorry) is a must for anything involving paint stripping, solvents, or cutting concrete. Get plenty of cartridges and have the respirator fitted at the store if you can. And always test to make sure it’s sealed to your face before beginning work. And needless to say, beards and respirators do not mix.
Like your binocular vision? Put on goggles before cutting anything, knocking down plaster walls, or spraying anything caustic. When you were a kid in shop class, goggles were for dorks. When you are an adult working on your own home, goggles are for anybody in the spray zone who likes having two functional eyes.
Several pairs of work gloves
I hate wearing work gloves. I always fumble things when they are on, and stuff falls into the wrist and gets all over my hands, and it’s miserable. But I wear them as needed because they offer protection from splinters, rusty nails, and broken glass. You can go cheap and buy several pairs, or spend some more money and only buy a few. My experience is that barring the dog eating a glove, both methods cost about as much but the expensive gloves feel better.
We experimented with buying a huge sack of cheap gloves, and the product that came was many times larger than could ever be useful to somebody my size. But if Paul Bunyan ever comes to work with us on a project, we have work gloves that will fit him. The other thing we bought was a box of non-latex medical gloves (non-latex because I have a severe latex allergy) to wear while handling chemicals like paint stripper or thinner.
Serious work shoes
Most workshops have rules prohibiting open-toed shoes. I add to this a thick, heavy sole (to protect your feet from puncture wounds) and a sturdy leather upper (to protect your feet from falling debris). I go back and forth on steel toes: on the one hand, they protect your toes from some things. On the other hand, a sufficiently heavy object dropped on a steel toe will chop your foot in half. So it depends on the work you are doing.
Climbing equipment is good, too. A stepladder that will enable you to touch the ceiling in any room is a good starting point, but depending on the size of your house and the height of your ceilings you may wish to add an extension ladder (we have a 35′ extension ladder with stabilizer that we share with a neighbor) and some stepstools (assuming you don’t already have some).
For working in tall rooms, you can rent rolling scaffolding for relatively little, so don’t buy it unless you have some professional need. You should see if your neighbors have any long ladders before buying your own — people who have them are usually more than happy to lend them out, and that can save you a lot of money and storage hassles.
What’s not here:
– sturdy, intact work clothes that will not get caught in machinery, because you should have clothes by now.
– hardhats, which will only be useful if you’re doing something where heavy things might fall on your head. (But if you are, buy a hardhat!)
Over time, you will accumulate many many many hand tools: enough to need a large storage device or two. But to get started you really don’t need all that much, and it’s pretty rare for everything you need to be included in a single tool kit. The hand tools we use most often are these:
I have five hammers, and could easily have more (for the record, a tack hammer, two carpentry hammers, a mallet, and a small ball peen hammer). You will need one carpentry hammer, and I suggest you spend the extra money and get one with an anti-shock head on it. Your elbows will thank you.
It’s surprising how often we use hand saws, given that we have about a million power saws. But hand saws get in places power saws don’t quite fit, they work for pruning trees (well, depending on the saw) or trimming ends, and most important, they are pretty cheap. My first handsaw was a hacksaw with a selection of blades for different materials. I then added a pruning saw, and now we have a pile of saws for various needs. Any general saw is a good place to start, but not too big.
You will need large and small flat head and Philips screwdrivers. We have an assortment that range from long to stubby, narrow to wide. We also have some interchangable-end screwdrivers, which are a good option when you’re just starting out (you will inevitably lose an end somewhere; this is a necessary sacrifice to the house gods and should not be worried over). If I were buying a present for somebody who just bought a house, it might be a bouquet of screwdrivers. If you have a power drill (see below), get a box of screwdriver bits for it — they wear out faster than you might expect.
You will need two kinds of pliers just about constantly: needlenose (for tight spots and detailed work) and your basic set of pliers that come in any cheesy tool kit. You use them for everything, from holding a nail in place so you don’t hammer your fingers, to pulling out brads, to reaching down into that tight spot to grab something that fell.
You’ll eventually want a bigger level as well, and maybe a laser level if you do a lot of new construction or build a deck, but every household should at least have a bullet level. You use this to level picture frames, to level molding, to adjust the leveling feet of your appliances, and so on.
Plumb bobs help you find a line that is straight up and down. They will not be used every day, but they cost so little compared to their usefulness that you should just have one. They’re especially useful for locating a row of pictures or installing a series of hanging shelves perfectly aligned: just find the place for the topmost hanger and use the plumb bob to place the one below. A cousin of the plumb bob is the chalk line, which we don’t use nearly as often as we ought to. The chalk can stain, so it’s a rough-surface tool only.
Small and large. We have maybe ten tape measures of various kinds, including a couple metric measures for those days when we’re feeling all international and stuff. You will misplace them all the time, so never turn a tape measure down. Suggested sizes: 50′ (this will be the hardest to find), 25′, and 12′.
We have a few of these, retractable and not. The one that works the best is the non-retractable, which doesn’t tend to retract when you wanted it to cut something, but for that very reason it is less safe (you have to remove the blade or embed it in something to make it safe).
What’s not here:
– a stud finder — this is one of those things you can get if you want it or need it for a project, but I so rarely use mine (it hasn’t come out in more than three years) that I don’t recommend it as a no-brainer.
– massive all-in-one tool sets, which usually have a lot of things you will never use and the ones you will use are much lower quality than you could get buying them separately.
Tools for Plumbing
You may or may not do your own plumbing — that’s a personal and financial choice. But if you are moving into a house you will have plumbing issues whether you are improving or not, and these are tools you will need to have.
Small and cute doesn’t work. Get one large enough to cover the hole at the bottom of the toilet, for each bathroom. Also consider getting a couple of small sink-sized plungers for minor clogs. Wash them off after every use (because, you know). Spray them with bleach solution, as well, if you like. But have them on hand because I can guarantee the first time you need one all the hardware stores will be closed.
The day you become a homeowner is the day you stop using caustic drain cleaner (or perhaps you will wait to stop that bad habit until the day you have to replace your drain lines). Plumbing clogs get cleared with a snake, because anything else just makes it worse. If you have a teenaged daughter who insists upon clogging drains with her hair, let her snake the drains and understand why using the little drain filter is important.
You don’t want to need it, but you will, so just buy it now. When your overuse of caustic drain cleaners catches up with you in the form of a hole in the trap, you will be using a pipe wrench to replace it (or you can call a plumber and pay $120 to have him replace it, but the pipe wrench is cheaper).
A five-gallon bucket is a useful thing to have around. Lots of them is even more useful. But you will also need a smaller bucket for when you have to bail out the bathroom sink to get the drain snake in there so you can remove the action figure/mousy toy/blob of dried toothpaste that has made its way into the trap.
Tools for Electrical Work
Most people don’t do their own electrical work, and for a reason. It’s dangerous, it can kill you, and it requires a certain amount of thinking ahead. That said, you’re going to use the outlets in that house, and eventually you may replace a light fixture. So have these at hand:
Use it to make sure your outlets are wired or grounded correctly. One of the first things you should do before you even move in is go around and test every outlet and mark the ones that are wrong. Even if you don’t do your own electrical repairs, having an inventory of bad outlets will save your electrician some time (and you lots of money).
This is a little pair of wires with an LED that will tell you if there is live current across a pair of wires. It will literally save your life. Never, ever touch a wire that has not been tested, and obviously, don’t touch live wires once you have tested them.
What’s not here:
– a fish tape, because even though they are mighty handy when you do any kind of wiring, that’s the first time they are required. If you’re going to be running wires through walls, go buy one (buy one at least as tall as your house), but if not, you’re not likely to need it.
– electrician’s pliers, which you won’t need until you’re doing some wiring, and even then you can get along without them for small projects like installing light fixtures or replacing an outlet.
This is where people go totally overboard. You really don’t need to buy a ton of power tools right away. When you do buy stuff, be judicious about it and only buy things you know you will use repeatedly, beyond the cost of rentals, because you can usually rent a higher-grade tool than you ought to buy. You can forgo electrical tools entirely, but these are the ones that are going to be useful to have around:
At a minimum, I would say that you can do a lot with a circular saw and a jigsaw. If you’re going to be doing major demolition, replace the jigsaw with a demolition saw (Sawzall is one brand name). We have a circular saw, a jigsaw, a sawzall, a job-site table saw, and a 4″ table saw. You’ll use power saws for most of your cutting work, hitting the hand saws only to clean things up. As an accessory to your saw, get a Swanson Speed Square. Most of them come with a little booklet showing all the ways it can be used. The primary way is to hold a saw square to the piece of wood you are slicing.
On the power drill front, cordless drills are generally worthless. Unless you have a whole flotilla of batteries, and the organizational skills to keep them charged and ready, a corded drill will offer a lot more power for your dollar, and it weighs less, too (important when you are installing drywall on the ceiling). We have one corded and one cordless power drill, and we almost never even want to bother with the cordless. You have the option to buy something called a hammer drill, but it’s generally not worth it unless you are going to be drilling into concrete a lot. You can rent a hammer drill if needed.
Shop vacuums clean up chunky debris nicely, but if you are generating a lot of dust (say, removing dead plaster), use a HEPA filter or the dust will clog the motor and kill it (we found this out the hard way; fortunately the thing was still under warranty). I say get a fairly large vac with wheels, because larger means more time between emptying, but not too large, because you have to be able to lift it when it’s full of debris (so about 5 gallons is a good size). You can also connect a shopvac to certain power tools to do dust collection, which is very nice when you are sanding or cutting. We have too Shopvacs: the massive one and a tiny one. Neither is quite exactly right, but the tiny one gets used most often.
Indoor/outdoor extension cords
We have two 50′ extension cords, which is not quite enough for us to get into a lot of trouble, but close. As a bonus, we keep them on little plastic reels with handles, so they are easy to wind up for storage, or carry around as needed.
What’s not here:
– a sander, of any sort. Wait until you know what you’re sanding before getting a sander.
– a table saw. Useful only if you are doing a lot of finish carpentry or building furniture. VERY expensive. Likewise drill presses, jointers, and so on. Heavy-duty woodworking equipment can wait.
– a nailer, which you may not need — we bought ours after owning the house for nearly six years. If you do decide to get a nailer, get a pneumatic one with a compressor (look for the largest compressor reasonable; ours is 135psi) because it will save you a lot of money on the firing cartridges that non-pneumatic nailers use. And get an extra-long hose, so the compressor can sit somewhere well out of the way while you do your work. If you’re in California, it’s worth knowing that clipped-head nails don’t make shear and are essentially unavailable in the state, so buy a nail gun that takes full-round head nails (you can get full-round nails for a clipped-head nailer, but they are more expensive, and the irritation you will feel about getting them is not worth it).
I’m a severe minimalist for landscaping. OK, actually, I have a ton of garden tools, and keep adding to them. But it’s best to get gardening tools as you go, because you’re going to be adding enough tools to your life without adding a bunch of stuff you’re not going to even use. This is where I’d start:
The bare minimum is your basic shovel. You will want to dig a hole somewhere, somehow, and this will get you there. But I admit that the first shovel we used on our house was a flat spade, which we used to scoop plaster off the living room floor, and to pry up flooring from the illegal pantry bathroom. You can get more and different shovels as you need them for projects indoors and out, but I guarantee that you will use a plain shovel if you own any kind of land at all.
For carrying weeds, filling with water to soak bare-root plants, or sitting on while weeding. See above note in plumbing tools; a bucket is one of those tools you will need everywhere and anywhere. I find a 5-gallon bucket invaluable in the garden.
Elaine rightly points out in the comments that a hose that will reach beyond your furthest fence from the spigot is good, too. You can use it for watering the landscaping, of course, but also for washing your car off, filling buckets, and rinsing items that need outdoor rinsing (we wash our catbox on the lawn when we change the litter). Get a good professional rubber one (or a couple of hose repair kits if you get a cheap vinyl one) and a hose reel if it’s longer than 20′.
What’s not here:
– lawnmowers, because you may not need one depending on your site. If you have a lawn, get one.
– leaf blowers, because they make your neighbors hate you with the heat of a thousand suns.
– any and all kinds of garden gadgets; those things are useful, but they are not universally so. As you do projects outside, get yourself the tools you need or want. Try to try things out before buying them (neighbors are great sources for tools to try out, especially power tools).